Its roots lie in the prehistory of Sumerian civilization, before the invention of writing or the formation of city-states. According to another Sumerian myth Enki is the creator, having devised men as slaves to the gods. Ea was served by his minister, the two-faced god Isimu/Akkadian Usmû (pictured to Enki's right in Image 1). As we fleetingly mentioned before in the earlier entry, Enki (known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology), was one of the other important Mesopotamian gods of the supreme triad. As Marduk, the champion of the young gods in their war against Tiamat, is of Babylonian origin, the Sumerian Ea/Enki or Enlil is thought to have played the major role in the original version of the story. As late as the third century BCE he appears as the god Kronos in a Greek text attributed to the Babylonian priest Berossus (Bēl-rēʾûšunu) (Kramer and Maier 1989: 10). Enki's role in making Mesopotamian lands fertile and in civilizing its cities is recounted in important Sumerian literary texts from the second millennium BCE. Ea (pronounced ee-a) is a Sumerian creator god who, along with his sister (Ninhursag) created humanity.He is also known as Enki, Nudimmud, Ninsiku or simply Ea.. Sumerian god of wisdom, fresh water, intelligence, trickery and mischief, crafts, magic, exorcism, healing, creation, virility, fertility, and … Ea is depicted in Mesopotamian art as a bearded god who wears a horned cap and long robes. As we fleetingly mentioned before in the earlier entry, Enki (known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology), was one of the other important Mesopotamian gods of the supreme triad. Enlil was the Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and ruler of the skies and the Earth. Aug 4, 2017 - Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses - Enki/Ea (god) Ninhursanga gives birth to the goddess Ninmu after sexual relations with Enki. He resides in the ocean underneath the earth called the abzu (Akkadian apsû), which was an important place in Mesopotamian cosmic geography. But the supreme god Enlil attempted to destroy Ea's newly created humans with a devastating flood, because their never-ending noise prevented him from sleeping. The Sumerian god An became the Semitic Anu, while Enki became Ea, Inanna became Ishtar, and Utu became Shamash. (Black and Green 1998: 76; Kramer and Maier 1989: 121-123). Updates? Commonly translated as the ‘Lord of the Earth’, Enki had also been depicted as a deity of creation, crafts, intelligence and even magic. He then killed Apsu and captured Mummu, his vizier. The gods were known by different names depending on whether the scribes wrote Sumerian or Akkadian. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Others depict him inside his underwater home in the abzu, or his E-abzu shrine. Later in the myth Enki becomes gravely ill and Ninhursanga then gives birth to eight healing deities in order to cure him. © The Trustees of the British Museum. Enki was the son of the god An, or of the goddess Nammu (Kramer 1979: 28-29, 43) and a twin brother of Adad. Ea has associations with wisdom, magic and incantations. Enki and Inana (ETCSL 1.3.1) tells of a fight for power between Enki and Inana, the goddess of sex and war. A history of God: from Abraham to the present: the 4000-year quest for God. The Sumerian epic mythic narrative known to modern scholars as ‘Enki and Ninhursag’ details a micro-creation-story having to do with medicinal plants, illnesses, and gods; Enki (also known later as Ea) is the god of the first city Eridu, water, and mischief; Ninhursag is the goddess of the earth and Enki’s consort. – UNALTERED! The traditions and beliefs about the Mesopotamian deity Enki/Ea – the god of water, wisdom, magic, and creation – formed a major part of the Sumerian and Babylonian religious text material. Following Ea’s wise advice, Ninurta defeated the monster. He was the child of Ansar and Kisar, the very first set of gods and descendants of primordial beings. Enki, or Ea (Akkadian), is the Mesopotamia god of fresh waters known as apsu. Marduk, Babylon’s god, for example, was known as Enki or Ea in Sumer. He was sometimes pictured with his pet dragon. The gods, stunned by the prospect of death, called on the resourceful god Ea to save them. In some stories he was also the form-giving god, and thus the patron of craftsmen and artists; he was known as the bearer of culture. Corrections? Mesopotamian Creator God Supreme Creator, God of Water and Half-fish The father of Marduk, he also created Adapa, the first human, out of wet mud. Lugalirra and Meslamtaea (a pair of gods) Underworld deities that often occur together, also called the 'Divine Twins'. The Sumerian god’s name means Lord of the Earth. Gods of Mesopotamia. ISBN 0195156692 – UNALTERED! He is the god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and crafts. Genesis 6:4 “The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. (BM 89115). As Marduk, the champion of the young gods in their war against Tiamat, is of Babylonian origin, the Sumerian Ea/ Enki or Enlil is thought to have played the major role in the original version of the story. The gods were known by different names depending on whether the scribes wrote Sumerian or Akkadian. They promptly assemble, declare hint king, and send him forth, armed With his winds and Storms. The copy found at Ashur has the god Ashur in the main role as was the custom of the cities of Mesopotamia. Apsû wishes to kill the young gods, but Tiamat disagrees. Also the God of the Underworld. Babylonian limestone kudurru TT  depicting a turtle, which was a symbol of Enki; 1125BC-1100 BCE (BM 102485). Enki is associated with the city of Eridu [~/images/Eridu.jpg] on the southern Mesopotamia. Ea stretches out his right hand towards an eagle. Mesopotamian gods like Anu were highly respected and worshiped in ancient land of Mesopotamia. The terrified gods turn to Ea's son Marduk for help. He is a god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and arts and crafts. In one Neo-Assyrian prayer against evil from the city of Huzirina, a man named Banitu-tereš asks Ea to remove the "evil of ominous conditions (and) bad, unfavourable signs" that are present in his house because he is "constantly terrified" of what will happen (STT 1, 67). His name is an Akkadian loanword from Sumerian "umun", which translates as "main body, bulk, life-giving force" and "knowledge" as the active part in contrary to the more lethargical primordial forces Tiamat and Apsu (Sumerian Abzu).. These included – Supreme Ruler of the Kingdom of Heaven, and Lord of the Constellations. The god Ea (whose Sumerian equivalent was Enki) is one of the three most powerful gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon, along with Anu and Enlil. More specifically, it is frequently suggested that Adapa can be paralleled with Adam for several reasons. He was the wisest among the gods and the patron … Enki/ Ea is the one of the main Mesopotamian deities, and reigns over water and wisdom. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of the earth”). © The Trustees of the British Museum. Enki is depicted as a bearded man surrounded by flowing water (Foster, 151). Ea told the hero Gilgamesh to construct a boat for his family, his craftsmen, the "animals of the field", and for himself before flooding the world.. His wife was Damgalnunna/ Damkina and their offspring were the gods Marduk, Asarluhi and Enbilulu, the goddess Nanše and the sage Adapa (Bottéro 2002: 234; Black and Green 1998: 75). Welcome to mesopotamiangods.com, Where History & Modern Man Began; Ea / Enki Quotes From Texts. Vintage. Clay tablets found in archeological excavations describe the cosmology, mythology and religious practices and observations of the tibme. The god first appears in the Early Dynastic Period IIIa (c. 2600-2350 BCE) and was established as an important god of the Akkadians by c. 2400 BCE who knew him as Ea. Genesis 6:4 “The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. In his original form, as Enki, he was associated with semen and amniotic fluid, and therefore with fertility. 5. As Enlil, the supreme Sumerian god, had no counterpart in the Semitic pantheon, his name remained unchanged. Commonly translated as the ‘Lord of the Earth’, Enki had also been depicted as a deity of creation, crafts, intelligence and even magic. Enki is also known as Ea in Babylonian and Akkadian mythology. There is a presumed relationship between the Adapa myth and the bible. Enki's role as a creator of the world is described in Enki and the World Order (ETCSL 1.1.3), and his creator aspect becomes an increasingly prominent in later literature, a phenomenon that Frymer-Kensky (1992: 70-90) has called the "marginalization of goddesses". He was identified with the north ecliptic pole centered in Draco. Anu: nu, (Akkadian), Sumerian An, Mesopotamian sky god and a member of the triad of deities completed by Enlil and Ea (Enki). The Old Babylonian god list (the "de Genouillac list", TCL 15, 10, lines 410-413) possibly indicates that Lugalirra was married to a deity named Ku'annesi, and Meslamtaea to Ninšubur, otherwise known as the goddess Inana's or An's minister (Lambert 1987-90: 144), though whether these deities were listed as couples in this list has to remain uncertain. Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters The Mesopotamian scribes compiled long lists of their gods. Leeming, David (2005). In the belief system of the Sumerians, Enki (known also as Ea by the Akkadians and Babylonians) was regarded to be one of the most important deities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Enlil was the Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and ruler of the skies and the Earth. He despairs and will not attack Anzu after Anzu has stolen the Tablets of Destinies from Enlil. Enki is also known as Ea in Babylonian and Akkadian mythology. Ninhursag. Ashur (Assur) - The primary god of the Assyrians. Cylinder seals TT  often picture him surrounded by a flowing stream with fish swimming inside it representing the subterranean waters of the abzu [Images 1 & 2]. Dumash - Babylonian shepherd and vegetation God. The god of irrigation and inspector of canals in Mesopotamian mythology Sarpanitum - Beltia - Sarpanit - Sarpanitum, also known as Beltia, is an ancient Sumerian-Babylonian goddess, the consort of Marduk. Greenstone cylinder seal TT  of the scribe Adda, showing Enki depicted with a flowing stream full of fish; c.2300-2200 BCE. The equivalent of the atmosphere and ruler of the three key gods in the millennium... -- Ea and his wife Damkina then gave birth to the gods were by... Apsu and captured Mummu, his vizier 's mother Ninurta in Kalhu, Assyria ; 9th century BCE let winds... Dagon, Ninsun century BCE and remove evil frequently invoked Ea, the very set! 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